PIA A320 landed gear-up and performed go-around before fatal accident at Karachi, Pakistan

 

Status: Preliminary
Date: Friday 22 May 2020
Time: 14:40
Type: Airbus A320-214
Operator: Pakistan International Airlines – PIA
Registration: AP-BLD
C/n / msn: 2274
First flight: 2004-08-17 (15 years 9 months)
Total airframe hrs: 47124
Engines: CFMI CFM56-5B4/P
Crew: Fatalities: 8 / Occupants: 8
Passengers: Fatalities: 89 / Occupants: 91
Total: Fatalities: 97 / Occupants: 99
Aircraft damage: Destroyed
Aircraft fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location: 1,4 km (0.9 mls) E of Karachi-Jinnah International Airport (KHI) (   Pakistan)
Phase: Approach (APR)
Nature: Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport: Lahore-Allama Iqbal International Airport (LHE/OPLA), Pakistan
Destination airport: Karachi-Jinnah International Airport (KHI/OPKC), Pakistan
Flightnumber: PK8303

Narrative:
Pakistan International Airlines flight 8303, an Airbus A320, crashed on approach to Karachi-Jinnah International Airport (KHI), Pakistan. The airline stated there were 91 passengers on board and 8 crew members. Officials involved in the rescue operation reported that 97 bodies have been recovered and that two passengers have survived the accident.
The flight departed Lahore at 13:05 hours local time (08:05 UTC) and was expected to arrive at Karachi about 14:45 (09:45 UTC). About 14:32 the flight reported to the air traffic controller of Karachi Tower that they were descending from 3500 to 3000 feet and established on the ILS for runway 25L. The controller replied: “copy that, turn left heading 180”. Because that would take them away from the ILS approach the flight replied, “Sir, we are established on ILS 25L”. The Tower controller then stated they were 5 miles from touch down and subsequently cleared the flight to land.
According to the ILS approach chart for Karachi Airport, an aircraft a distance of 5 DME should be at an altitude of about 1680 ft. Transponder altitude data captured by Flightradar24 suggests that the aircraft was descending between 4050 and 3725 feet at the time the controller reported that the flight was 5 miles out.
The aircraft continued the approach. What exactly transpired is unclear at this time, but ARY News quoted from a CAA Pakistan report that stated scrape marks from the no.1 engine started on the runway at 4500 feet (1370 m) from the threshold followed by no.2 engine scrape marks at 5500 feet (1675 m).
At 14:35 the flight crew radioed that they were going around and requested another ILS approach to runway 25L. The controller instructed the flight to turn left heading 110 and climb to 3000 feet. Four minutes later the flight reported they had “lost engines” and subsequently declared a Mayday. The controller cleared the flight to land with both runways (25L and 25R) available.
The aircraft crashed in a residential area named Model Colony, about 1360 m short of the threshold of runway 25L. The aircraft broke up and a large post-impact fire erupted.

METAR Weather report:

08:25 UTC / 13:25 local time:
OPKC 220825Z 24012KT 7000 NSC 36/24 Q1005 NOSIG

09:25 UTC / 14:25 local time:
OPKC 220925Z 24011KT 7000 NSC 35/24 Q1004 NOSIG

09:55 UTC / 14:44 local time:
OPKC 220955Z 24011KT 7000 NSC 35/24 Q1004 NOSIG